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How Cashmere Woven Products are Made?


Weaving is a lengthy process with numerous procedures involved. This section is devoted to making the simplest explanation that can help you grasp the general principles. Loosely, woven items can be divided into two catagories – woolen and worsted. The easiest way to explain the difference is woolen products are made of fibers with different lengths mixed together and the finished products tend to be fluffy, downy, and bulky. Worsted products, on the other hand, are made of fibers that have been sorted and selected in a way that removes all the shorter fibers so the remaining long fibers, which are arranged in the same direction, are best suited to making extra thin and light products.  Above categorization is by no means 100% accurate but will be a good starting point. We will be taking a woolen scarf as an example to show you the production process.


A Typical Woolen Scarf


A Typical Worsted Scarf


Both knitting and weaving require yarn to start production, so the first step is to prepare yarn. How much yarn is needed per color dictates whether it will be FIBER DYED or YARN DYED.


Fiber Dyeing: if the yarn needed reaches the MOQ for spinning yarn, which is 60kg per color, the fiber will be first dyed and then spun into yarn.


Yarn Dyeing: if only a small amount of yarn is needed(below 60kg per color), natural colored yarn is taken to get yarn dyed.


! Fiber Dyeing is always prefered since it costs much less and is much more stable in quality. 


Fiber Dyeing

Depending on the size of the vat, MOQ can be from 10kg to 200kg per color.


Yarn Dyeing

Each reel holds 10kg of yarn at one time.



When yarn is ready, the next step is Warping, the arranging of warp yarn(lengthwise threads are called warp yarn and transverse threads are called weft yarn). In this process, warp yarns are lined up and stretched with high tension, preparing for the next process, weaving.


Warping



Weaving is the motion of weft yarn crossing warp yarn in certain ways. Different crossing methods result in different fabric texture, known as Weave Structure such as plain, twill, satin, jacquard and many others. 


Weaving Machine


Weaving


Normally, a woven scarf comes with tassels, which are made right after weaving is finished. There are various kinds of tassels based on products but for a woolen scarf they are usually on the long sides.


Tassels on A Woolen Scarf


Tasseling Machine


Tasseling


After weaving is the most crucial part in the whole process - Finishing, which determines hand feel, size, and overall quality of finished products. Finishing is actually many small processes, each with its own function. 


Finishing


Finishing



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